What is Mesothelioma?
Mesothelioma is a disease that affects the mesothelial cells in the chest and abdominal lining and is usually associated with asbestos exposure. Mesothelioma is a malignant disease of the mesothelium our protective layer of tissue that covers many of the body’s organs such as the heart the lungs and the abdominal organs.
How to Recognize Mesothelioma Symptoms?
Mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive that damage a thin layer of tissue that surrounds the organs, called mesothelioma. Take an independent exam with these guidelines to recognize this condition.
Step 1: Assess your risk
Evaluate your level of risk. Mesothelioma usually manifests itself in people who have been exposed to asbestos for a long time.
It should be remembered that the symptoms of mesothelioma may not appear until 30–50 years after exposure.
Step 2: Learn two types
Meet 2 types of mesothelioma.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma affects the tissue around the lungs, called pleura.
Rare forms of mesothelioma affect the tissue around the heart, stomach and testicles.
Step 3: Look for pleural symptoms
Watch for chest pain, painful cough, shortness of breath, unusual masses of tissue under the skin in the chest and unexplained weight loss, as these may be signs of pleural mesothelioma.
Step 4: Look for peritoneal symptoms
Look for abdominal pain, swelling, unexplained weight loss and lumps under the skin of the abdomen that may indicate peritoneal mesothelioma or abdominal mesothelioma.
Step 5: Check for intestinal obstruction or blood clotting problems
Check for intestinal obstruction or blood clotting problems, as these are common symptoms.
Step 6: Contact your doctor
Make an appointment to see a doctor and bring a list of the symptoms and medications you take. Your doctor will biopsy the tissue and analyze it for mesothelioma.
Step 7: Get treatment
For More, there is no cure for mesothelioma. Surgery to remove tissue, fluid around the lungs can be done. Radiation, chemotherapy and medications are used to treat and reduce pain so that the patient is as comfortable as possible.
Symptoms of Mesothelioma
Symptoms of peritoneal (abdominal) mesothelioma may include:
- Stomach swelling and pain.
- Abnormalities in blood clotting.
- Intestinal obstruction
If the mesothelioma has spread to other parts of the human body, symptoms may include pain, difficulty swallowing or swelling of the neck or face.
Imaging tests, such as CT scans, PET scans, and x-rays, are also used in biopsies to identify the location of tumors and assess their progress and growth, which is known as the stage of mesothelioma.
Doctors will diagnose it as malignant mesothelioma. You can simply call it mesothelioma. Doctors may find that the tumors are not mesothelioma. In this case, you will be diagnosed as mild mesothelioma.
Causes of mesothelioma
The Major risk factor for mesothelioma is asbestos work. Asbestos is the group of minerals with thin microscopic fibers. Because these fibers are resistant to heat, fire and chemicals and do not conduct electricity, asbestos has been extracted and widely used in construction, the automotive industry and other industries.
If small asbestos fibers are released into the air during the manufacturing process, they can be inhaled or swallowed, which causes serious health problems.
Up to 75% of mesothelioma cases may be associated with asbestos exposure at work. There is also evidence that family members and other people living with asbestos workers have increased risk of developing mesothelioma and possibly other asbestos-related diseases.
This risk may be the result of exposure to asbestos dust brought home to the clothing and hair of asbestos workers. Cases of mesothelioma have also been observed in people living near asbestos mines.
Prognosis for mesothelioma
Certain things affect the prognosis of mesothelioma, as well as your options for the treatment of mesothelioma. They include the following:
- The stage of mesothelioma, or the spread of mesothelioma in the body. The stage is usually based on the size of the tumor, if there are mesothelioma cells in the lymph nodes and if the mesothelioma has spread beyond its original site.
- The size of mesothelioma.
- If mesothelioma can be completely removed by surgery
- The amount of fluid in the chest or abdomen.
- Your age and general health.
- The type of mesothelioma cells.
- If the mesothelioma has just been diagnosed or has already been treated and has returned
Treatment for mesothelioma
The treatment of mesotheliomas generally depends on where the disease started, how big the tumor is and whether it has spread. Your care team will help you to determine the treatment option that suits your diagnosis, needs and personal preferences. Treatment options can be:
Chemotherapy can be used to treat patients with advanced pleural mesothelioma and mesothelioma who cannot be surgically removed. In the early stages of the disease, chemotherapy may be used in conjunction with surgery and radiotherapy.
Immunotherapy can be used to treat some types of mesothelioma.
Radiation therapy can destroy the remaining mesothelioma cells after surgery.
The surgery often depends on the type of mesothelioma and whether the mesothelioma has spread. It can be used to eliminate mesothelioma or reduce the symptoms of the disease.
Targeted therapy or molecularly targeted therapy is one of the main types of medical treatment of mesothelioma.